How Does Cooling Tower Engineering Work?

How Does Cooling Tower Engineering Work?

Cooling towers are essential and used to get rid of excess heat in various industries.You’ll find cooling towers in almost every processing facility. If there’s any type of steam being created, or any type of heating, then you have to take the heat out. The cooling tower ejects waste heat into the atmosphere, using mostly air and water to remove the heat. Cooling towers can be loosely defined into three types – wet, dry, and hybrid..

Wet Cooling Towers:
These are the most popular types of cooling towers and they allow some of the water that’s cooled to evaporate, creating a moving stream of air that helps cool the rest of the water stream. Another name for this type of cooling system is an evaporating system. You’ll find this is the most popular choice when you need to substantially cool the water, as the cooling potential of a wet surface is considerably more than that of a dry surface. If you’re looking to contract a cooling tower installation, I suggest working with professionals to ensure that you end up with a high quality product that exceeds your expectations.

Dry Cooling Towers:
These can also be described as indirect contact towers because the water moves through a heat exchanger and is cooled with air. This is a great choice if you don’t need very cool water and it’s something that’s often used in your car in the form of a radiator.

Hybrid Cooling Towers:
Hybrid cooling towers are basically a combination of both wet and dry cooling technologies. The advantage of using both is that you can create more effective cooling. This is particularly useful in urban areas where vapor plume would be undesirable.

Things to Keep in Mind When Designing Your Cooling Tower

The Tower’s Size
One of the biggest considerations is your cooling tower size – you obviously want to make it as small as possible to be effective and save on costs, but you also have to think about how changing seasons impact your tower’s ability to operate. For example, if you plan your cooling tower around the average weather, then it may fall short during the hotter or cooler months to perform. The easiest way to avoid this issue is to plan your tower based on the extreme temps – the annual outliers – so you’re never caught off guard. 

Ability to Grow
What if your company grows and your output increases? Ideally you should be able to increase your cooling system, without having to create an entirely new one. Try to design your cooling tower with the option for expansion, so that it can suit your company as it grows.

Cooling tower engineering is an exciting field that ensures your business has minimal impact on the environment around it. Be sure to take the time to plan your cooling tower property to ensure it meets your company’s needs for years to come.